¡Hola queridísimos estudiantes de español!

Get ready for an in-depth exploration of a topic that’s not only common but also incredibly useful in everyday conversations: the weather. But that’s not all! We’ll also tackle the subtle differences between ‘muy’ and ‘mucho.’

These two terms are essential for expressing intensity and quantity in our sentences, and mastering them will elevate your ability to communicate naturally and effectively. Dive into related vocabulary as we uncover strategies for engaging effortlessly in discussions about this timeless subject.

We all know that finding common ground when meeting someone new or striking up a conversation with colleagues can be challenging. That’s where the weather comes in as a universal and approachable topic to kickstart dialogue. Throughout this article, I’ll provide you with the tools to confidently navigate weather discussions in Spanish.

So, gear up to sharpen your Spanish skills, expand your vocabulary, and grow more self-assured in discussing the weather.

Let’s embark on this thrilling journey together!

Your VIP pass to swift, personal, and uniquely crafted Spanish.

Tu pase VIP para un español rápido, personal y exclusivo.

Weather-related vocabulary.

Below, you’ll find a diagram focusing on weather-related vocabulary. Click on the image to download the PDF file and enrich your understanding while reviewing the vocabulary you’ve learned.

tiempo-atmosférico-chile

El clima | Vocabulario del tiempo atmosférico y uso de ‘muy’ y ‘mucho’

¿Practicamos un poco?

1. Relaciona estas imagenes con las frases de la derecha.

2. Juego de Memoria.

3. Mira las imagenes y búscalas en el recuadro de abajo.

weather, spanish, clima, español

4. Mira estas fotografias y selecciona la opción que mejor describe lo que ves.

5. Observa detenidamente la fotografía de la ventana y describe el tiempo que ves. Recuerda utilizar adjetivos, sustantivos, verbos y expresiones relacionadas para enriquecer tu descripción.

Verbs for Talking about the Weather in Spanish

When we discuss the weather in Spanish, we use various verbs to convey different aspects. Let’s explore the differences between “hace,” “hay,” “es,” and “está.”

Hace sol vs. Hay sol:

Hace sol (It’s sunny): Think of “hace” as the sun doing its thing. We say “hace sol” to describe sunny weather. It’s like saying the sun is actively shining. For example, “hace sol” means “it’s sunny.”

Hay sol (There is sun): Here, we’re simply stating that the sun is present. It’s like saying “there is sun.” We use “hay sol” to indicate that the sun is in the sky, although we’re not necessarily describing the weather. For example, “hay sol” means “there is sun.”

You can say: ‘hay sol’ (there is sun), ‘hay nubes’ (there are clouds), ‘hay estrellas’ (there are stars), ‘hay un arcoíris en el cielo’ (there is a rainbow in the sky), but you wouldn’t say ‘hace estrellas’ (it makes stars), or ‘hace un arcoíris’ (it makes a rainbow), you would say ‘hay un arcoíris’ (there is a rainbow).

Es caluroso vs Está caluroso

Hot: “Es caluroso” vs “Está caluroso”

Es caluroso (It’s hot): This phrase describes the general climate, saying that the weather is usually hot. It’s like saying “it is hot” to talk generally about the climate of a place. For example, “es caluroso” means “it’s hot (in general).”

Está caluroso (It’s hot): This phrase describes the weather at this specific moment, saying that the weather is hot right now. It’s like saying “it is being hot.” For example, “está caluroso” means “it’s hot (right now).”

6. Completa cada oración utilizando el verbo adecuado: “hacer”, “haber” o “estar”.

¿Adjective or Adverb?

Before we begin, let’s understand the difference between an adjective and an adverb. An adjective usually changes according to the noun it accompanies. Since nouns change in quantity and gender (e.g., la nube, el sol, las estrellas, los rayos), the accompanying adjective also needs to change to agree in number and gender (e.g., la nube blanca, el sol brillante, las estrellas brillantes, los rayos intensos).

Now, let’s apply this to our words: ‘mucho’ and ‘poco’ are adjectives that must agree with the noun following them in the sentence. For example: ‘hay muchas estrellas,’ ‘hay pocas nubes‘.

On the other hand, ‘muy’ is used to intensify the adjective and never changes its form. For example: ‘son ciudades con climas muy variados‘ (they are cities with very diverse climates).

Now, let’s consider the example of ‘calor’ (heat), which is a noun. Would you say ‘hace muy calor’ or ‘hace mucho calor’?

That’s right! ‘Hace mucho calor!’ Excellent!

Let´s practice with the following activity:

7. Completa los espacios en blanco con las palabras que correspondan.

⚠️​ Chilenismo: Es más común decir “corre viento” que “hace viento”.

Actividad escrita

8. Cada estudiante recibirá una estación del año (primavera, verano, otoño o invierno) o un tipo de clima (soleado, lluvioso, nublado, ventoso, etc.) para realizar una actividad de escritura.

Q&A Session: Your Questions, My Answers!

Welcome to our Q&A session! Please feel free to write your questions in the comments below. I’m here to help with any doubts you have about the Spanish language. Looking forward to your questions!

What’s the difference between ‘hace frío’ and ‘está frío’?

When we say “hace frío,” it’s like saying “it’s cold outside.” We’re talking about the weather and how it feels overall. On the other hand, “está frío” is more like saying “it’s cold right now.” It’s about the specific temperature of something at that moment, like water or a room.

What’s the difference between ‘hace calor’ and ‘está caliente’?

When we say ‘hace calor,’ we’re talking about the weather, like saying ‘it’s hot outside.’ ‘Está caliente,’ on the other hand, refers to something specific being hot right now, like food or a drink.

Another difference between ‘tengo calor’ and ‘estoy caliente’?

When we say ‘tengo calor,’ we’re describing a feeling of heat in our body, similar to saying ‘I feel hot.’ On the other hand, ‘estoy caliente’ can have additional connotations and refer more to an emotional state or a situation of excitement, like saying ‘I am hot’ in a more figurative context.

About The Author

Gianella

Giane was born and raised in Chile, except for the time she moved to Spain and attended university there. She studied Education and Psychology at the University of Barcelona. She started teaching Spanish when she decided to travel around Europe, since then she has not stopped teaching languages.