Hey everyone!

Ever wanted to give clear instructions or commands in Spanish? Today, we’re diving into the imperative mood. It’s your ticket to confidently directing conversations. Stick around for practical tips and activities to keep honing your skills even after you’ve mastered the basics.

Let’s get started!

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El Modo Imperativo en Español

El modo imperativo lo utilizamos para dar órdenes, consejos,  recomendaciones e instrucciones.  En el imperativo no existe la primera persona “yo”. Las personas del imperativo son las personas a las que yo me dirijo

¿Cuáles son las personas principales a las que yo me puedo dirigir?

  • Tú, tú eres una persona. 
  • Usted, tú en sentido formal 
  • O ustedes, todos ustedes.

También puede usarse la forma de nosotros* (cuando yo me incluyo en una orden) por ejemplo: caminemos por el parque, llegaremos más rápido. 

El imperativo cambia cuando la frase es afirmativa o negativa. Veamos cada una de sus formas.

Imperativo Afirmativo

AR
intentar
ER
comer
IR
dormir
intentacomeduerme
USTED*intentecomaduerma
NOSOTROS*intentemoscomamosdurmamos
USTEDES*intentencomanduerman
VOSOTROS**intentad comeddormid

Ejemplos:

(tú) intenta beber zumo de piña.

(usted) coma más sano.

(ustedes) duerman temprano.

*las irregularidades del presente se mantienen (él-ella duerme).

**La forma de vosotros es solo utilizada en España.

Imperativo Negativo

Cuando el imperativo tiene sentido “negativo” entonces el verbo cambia (mantiene las mismas irregularidades el presente del subjuntivo) 

AR
intentar
ER
comer
IR
salir
TÚ*no intentesno comasno salgas
USTED*no intenteno coma no salga
NOSOTROS*no intentemosno comamosno salgamos
USTEDES*no intenten no comanno salgan
VOSOTROS**no intentéisno comáisno salgáis

Ejemplo:

(tú) no intentes hacer ejercicio

(usted) no coma tanta azúcar

(ustedes)no salgan hasta tarde

 * Igual a la forma del subjuntivo y sus irregularidades se mantienen (él-ella salga).

**La forma de vosotros es solo utilizada en España.

Verbos Irregulares

Los verbos irregulares son sólo irregulares en la segunda persona “” para el sentido “afirmativo” del imperativo. 

Hacertú haz
Tenertú ten
Ponertú pon
Decirtú di
Oirtú oye
Sertú sé
Salirtú sal
Venirtú ven
Irtú ve

Espero que estas explicaciones te hayan ayudado tanto como a mis estudiantes.

¡Nos vemos en la próxima publicación!

Giane

About The Author

Gianella

Giane was born and raised in Chile, except for the time she moved to Spain and attended university there. She studied Education and Psychology at the University of Barcelona. She started teaching Spanish when she decided to travel around Europe, since then she has not stopped teaching languages.

28 Comments

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